|Guy Fawkes, a symbol for opposition to totalitarianism|
The "widely held notion that in the West: that more freedom is better than less" is strongly contested because continuous enhancement of freedom ultimately "undermines the social order upon which freedoms are based." One instance of excessive liberty is the American Civil Liberties Union support for the right to produce child pornography. However, Etzioni's opposition to a libertine society does not mean that he sides with traditionalists and social conservatives who "see few areas of behavior which they are willing to leave open to personal and sub-group choice". In this extreme, the Christian Film and Television Commission proposed a legal ban on any movie that has low moral standards, such as those containing "lustful kissing". In this scenario, the Communitarian approach encourages the protection of freedom of speech as long as there are no physical threats and "community-based, rather than state-based, mechanisms" to protect specific morals (unlike conservative morals).
|The need for a good government illustrates the need for order|
Throughout the book, Etzioni provides numerous specific examples as he develops his thesis for the promotion of the abstract concepts of autonomy and order. Here lies another great theory that endorses the need for equilibrium and the condemnation of extremes. Without some degree of order, there are few choices available for libertarians. Without some degree of freedom, there is no value in norms and morals that are forced upon, and not chosen by individuals.
Etzioni, A. (1996). The new golden rule:community and morality in a democratic society. (1 ed., pp. xiii-118). New York,NY: Basic Books.